In Costa Rica popular or cultural festivals reflect the ideologies and aspirations of a nation. Established officially, these allow to see the desires, the preoccupations and the emotional and intuitive contents of the Costa Rican town. They make us think of cultural diversity, assimilation, invention and mestizaje.
They are based on important activities for the community, such as those given by indigenous people on the occasion of plantings and harvests. Some are given to inaugurate an important building for the community: church, school or communal house.
Others take place at certain dates of the year: they commemorate significant civic or religious events that occurred in the past, such as the date of independence, the celebration of a patron saint, a virgin or a saint…
In these popular celebrations, Costa Rican cultural miscegenation can be observed in many ways. In music: bands and “cimarronas” (musical groups with drum, trumpet, cymbals, accordions, trombones and tuba), brighten the atmosphere.
They improvise “chinamos” or stalls with typical food. There may be horse parades or “buffers” that mix Spanish traditions with the “sabanero” style, tradition was born at the beginning of the last century when it was customary to bring cattle from Guanacaste for bullfights. The young townspeople rode their best horses to La Sabana, where the cattle were found, and from there came the word El Tope, to name these horse shows.
There are also bullfights, where the bull is not injured or killed: it is only mocked, or ridden, to demonstrate the courage and skill of the fitter. Parade of carts with oxen, on which can be the image of some saint, women and girls with typical costumes, coffee bags or flowers.
Parade of masks or clowns (Note Person dressed in a sack-shaped suit, with a large and colorful mask built in paper maché or other material and mounted on a metal structure) are usually carried by young people, dancing and running behind The little girl, to reach them and get hit with a chilillo (dry bush branch), where characters such as the giantess, the devil or the “pisuicas”, the skull, the chains, the policeman, among others, are the parade actors .
At twelve noon, a double thunder bomb announces with its outburst the beginning of the holidays. Likewise gunpowder games, in which participants are given the opportunity to demonstrate their skills, skills, courage and daring.
Cultural festivals, rather than being a moment of entertainment, give Costa Ricans a sense of community, of shared nationality, regardless of class, religion, gender or ethnicity. Among the most popular we can mention the following:
Last week of February. South of San Isidro del General in the village of Boruca de Rey Curre, it is a reconstruction of the struggle between the Indians (diablitos) and the Spanish (a bull), where the masks, colorful wooden costumes, dances and fireworks create the scene. There is sale of art and it is celebrated the Fair of national and imported products.
M° Fernanda Salas